High quality and high resolution Microscopes for creating magnified images
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High quality and high resolution Microscopes for creating magnified images

A microscope is an instrument used to see minute detailing of objects that can't be examined or analyzed using your naked eyes. The process through which these objects are photographed under a microscope is known as photomicrography. These microorganisms have to be dyed and mounted on a glass slide to be seen under a microscope. As time passed, technology started evolving and a new variety of microscopes was introduced. Some of these are listed below.

Electron microscope:

An electron microscope uses an electron beam instead of a light beam to obtain an extremely high resolution to view and analyse the object. An electron microscope can be subdivided into

  • Transmission electron microscope,
  • High-voltage electron microscopes,
  • Scanning electron microscope,
  • Environmental scanning electron microscope,
  • Field-emission microscope, and
  • Scanning transmission electron microscope.

Transmission electron microscope (TEM) lets us view images that come up to 1 micrometer in thickness. High-voltage electron microscopes work at a much higher voltage than a transmission electron microscope. A scanned electron microscope is used to obtain a detailed surface scan using electron beams. Using an environmental scanning electron microscope, you can scan the image of any object in any environment. Scanning transmission electron microscope (STEM) is a combination of TEM, SEM, and microprobe analyzer.

Simple microscope:

These microscopes have a double convex lens with a short focal point. It produces a virtual, erect, and enlarged or magnified image when the object is placed within the focal length under natural light. The most commonly found simple microscopes are a magnifying glass and reading glass. Simple microscopes can be used to view algae, fungi, and small parts of devices, fabrics, soil, and much more.

Light microscope or Optical microscope:

An optical microscope is also known as a light microscope. These microscopes are laboratory instruments that use visible light on specimens to magnify or enlarge them. The light microscope can be divided into a simple light microscope and a compound light microscope based on the number of lenses. The lenses are aligned in such a way that the light can be bent to efficiently view the enlarged image of the specimen. Other modern light microscopes include-

  • Bright field Light Microscope
  • Phase Contrast Light Microscope
  • Dark-Field Light Microscope
  • Fluorescence Light Microscope

Bright field Light Microscope produces a dark image of the object on a bright background. It provides high-resolution images with the help of dual-lens. Phase Contrast Light Microscope can produce high contrast images even when the specimen (called phrase objects) used is transparent, i.e., not stained or dyed. The techniques used in the first two microscopes, combined, are used in the Dark-Field Light Microscope. The above microscope can only produce images after light passes through it. However, for the fluorescence light Microscope, the specimen emits light due to the dye molecules added to it. When the dye molecules become excited, they emit light which is used for viewing through this microscope.

Confocal microscopy:

A confocal microscope can be considered as a specialized fluorescence microscope that uses special optical components to produce high-resolution images of stained specimens. Shallow depth of field, elimination of out-of-focus glare, and the ability to view numerous optical sections from thick specimens are some of the benefits of a confocal microscope of the regular, standard optical microscope. The confocal microscope that is most commonly used is the laser scanning confocal microscope they are mostly used for biology and medicine, optics and crystallography, and audio preservation.

Digital microscope:

A digital microscope is similar to the traditional microscope but this one uses optics as well as a digital camera to produce the image of the specimen under view. It uses a digital camera instead of an eyepiece and is connected to a computer to display the image on the screen. It has advanced systems to observe and measure functions, store images while producing high-quality images.

They are easy to operate and provide higher magnification than optical microscopes. Digital microscopes are divided into Biological Digital Microscopes, Fluorescence Digital Microscopes, Inverted digital Microscopes, Metallurgical digital Microscopes, Digital USB Microscopes, and much more.

Some of the high-quality microscopes are listed below:

This binocular microscope has a wide field eyepiece, an in-built 6V15 W Lamp/Transmitted: 5W Fluorescent Lamp. Magnus microscope has a classy black and white finish and is perfect to be used in laboratories due to its amazing features. Magnus Stereoscopic Binocular Microscope has 12 months warranty against any manufacturing defects.

This LED monocular microscope has special features like a sturdy stand with anti-rust coating, an extended base for sturdy placement, and LED illuminations with a rechargeable battery cell that provides 50-60 hours of backup battery life in case of sudden power failure. Labomed microscope has an integrated wide-field eyepiece with a foldable eye guard and antifungal coating on the ocular tubes. This microscope has a 12-month warranty.

Unlike the above two microscopes, this one is different when it comes to its viewing lens. This is a trinocular microscope. It has a triple-layer coaxial coarse and fine focusing system which is apt for tissue culture examination. Droplet microscope has a 12V/50W incident lamp with a variable light control arrangement. The warranty period for this microscope is one year.

This binocular microscope with 45? inclination is 360? rotatable with IPD 55-75 mm and dioptric adjustment. It has an in-built bright white LED with an intensity control regulator for controlling the brightness. Made from brass and alloy casting, this binocular microscope has a warranty period of one year. Droplet microscope can be used for more laboratory and college or school use.

Magnus microscope has an in-built 6V20W halogen light illuminator with an inclined monocular observation tube rotatable through 360 degrees fitted with fungus resistance and prism with anti-reflection coating. This microscope has coaxial coarse and fine focusing controls and a wide field eyepiece Wf10X for high-resolution images. This monocular microscope has a warranty period of 12 months for any manufacturing defects.

Conclusion:

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