What are the Different Types of Air Conditioner?

What are the Different Types of Air Conditioners?

Stepping into a cool home, especially during the scorching heat of the summers can sometimes be such a wonderful feeling. Isn't it? With the environment becoming so hot and humid, the only electrical appliance that can help you survive throughout the harsh climate change is an air conditioner.

An air conditioner can drastically change the temperature in your home and make life not only better but also habitable and sustainable for you and your loved ones. With so many options, brands available in the market, you could easily lose your cool in selecting the right AC for your home. However, one must consider certain factors before making a decision. The factors include the size of your home, cooling time, ductwork and budget.

The size of your home plays a large role in deciding which air conditioner will suit your needs, for example, in a 1,000 square feet home, you can use a 20,000 BTU portable AC but conclusively, if you're in a 3,000 square feet home, you will need a bigger 60,000 BTU portable AC.

The cooling time would be the total amount of time you want your house to get cooled in, it could be 1 hour or even 3 hours for bigger houses. The ductwork will indicate whether Central cooling is a viable option or not and finally, the budget would help you pick a model and help you decide the price range. Energy consumption would also play an important role as it would ultimately determine your monthly electricity charges.

  • Portable Air Conditioner / Mini AC

If you want an Air Conditioner that provides cooling that is fast, affordable and without a lot of complications, the portable AC is the perfect choice for you. No installations and mounting is required for portable air conditioners and they are extremely mobile.

Most portable air conditioners come with wheels and can be moved around the house making them extremely convenient. The only potential downside to small ACs is that since their size and cooling capacity is limited to a certain extent.

Portable ACs can cool areas up to 400-450 square feet. Every portable air conditioner comes with an air hose that propels the exhausted air outside the house, the only per se con for these mini ACs is that the air hose must always be placed in a way that the air leaves outside the house through a window or duct.

  • Window Air Conditioner

Window ACs are not only an affordable cooling option but are also extremely efficient in terms of energy consumption. These units are to be installed in separate rooms and living spaces and can be best utilised directly inside the window and are readily available in the market in a variety of ratings. Window Acs are low cost and not only are they fairly inexpensive, but they are also affordable to operate and maintain on a monthly basis.

Figuring out your space requirements is essential while deciding which variant you want to purchase, the square footage would determine the kind of air conditioner would be ideal for the space and as you decide the brand to go with, as well as the features you deem important as per your usage, these factors will play a vital role in overall cost and performance. Window ACs don't take up any floor space like portable air conditioners and this can prove to be a huge benefit for smaller areas.

The only two other variants to offer this feature is a centralised air conditioner and a ductless air conditioner and both are seemingly more expensive to purchase and maintain. Window air conditioners can also be used as a supplement cooler, meaning, if you currently own a centralised air conditioner system and wish for one room to be cooler than the others on a consistent basis, if would not only be cost efficient, but also a better idea in terms of feasibility.

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  • Split Air Conditioner

Split ACs are different from standard air conditioner units, they have their own set of benefits that make them unique. Split air conditioners are not the same as window air conditioners, they do not work on the same principle and do not have a fan, compressor and coil inside a wall-mounted box.

Split air conditioners are great for energy efficiency as they offer a completely ductless design allowing them to upsurge energy savings and reduce enormous amounts of money. Split ACs also have the ability to blend in with your home interior and it's considerably easy to make it match with your home decor.

Since the installation is so easy and flexible, you can suspend them from your ceiling or walls and make your space look more aesthetic and appealing. They are less obstructive than any other type of air conditioner.

Split air conditioners also operate as silently as 20 decibels and are significantly quieter than most other air conditioner variants. Ductless air conditioners are great for renovations where ducting isn't possible or feasible and most older homes don't have good distribution and heating and split ACs makes a great choice.

  • Inverter Air Conditioner

Inverter ACs offer the latest technology available to us, they offer the latest advancement concerning the electromotor of compressors and can be used to regulate the speed of the compressor motor in order to adjust the temperature in your room. Inverter air conditioners are way more energy efficient than traditional air conditioners and consume way less power.

They have no voltage fluctuations and are capable of keeping the room temperature constant for very long periods of time. Inverter ACs are able to adjust the level of cooling which can effectively cool areas faster than a non-inverter air conditioner and since the compressor runs at a higher speed, the cooling is also way faster.

The inverter AC runs at a much more slow-paced speed and this creates comparatively less noise inside the room as compared to compressors that create noise. So in conclusion, Split air conditioners are effective at cooling, suitable for smaller and bigger spaces, perfect for residential wiring due to lower power consumption and are environment-friendly.

  • Tower Air Conditioner/ Standing AC

Tower ACs are the latest innovation in the cooling sector. Tower air conditioners have several benefits and are perfect for the summer temperatures as they have proven to have given great relief to people in scorching atmospheric conditioners. They have a very high cooling capacity compared to other types of air cooling systems and are capable of providing cooling on a very large scale.

Tower ACs are considerably easy to install and do not have much maintenance cost. They also have a slim design and the physical appearance have a slim built and they are also known as standing ACs as they are placed on the floor.

These standing ACs have a good green rating and normally come in high energy efficiency ratings which ensure it is environment friendly whilst having such features. Other benefits include, Flexibility and portability, excellent dehumidifiers and also come with a tray to ensure all water dripping is collected and prevent floor flooding.

  • Central air conditioners

Central ACs are an excellent choice as they circulate the air throughout your home through air ducts unlike any other kind of traditional air conditioner. They are also known to prevent respiratory ailments, they improve sleep quality and enhance your ability to fight off symptoms of dust collection, allergies and asthma.

Circulated fresh air can help the home be healthy and can keep the house structurally compact by preventing the kind of dampness that can result in rotted floor boards with damage to the house. They also have a low energy cost that can be calculated over a long period of time, Central ACs are a heavy investment but in the long term they prove to be energy and cost efficient.


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