Surgery is one of the most crucial parts of the medical sciences. We are here to present some of the fine surgical instruments that could ease and simplify a surgeon’s role.
Herein we will describe some of the surgical instruments such as scissors, forceps, and retractors. Surgical instruments are specifically designed tools that assist health care professionals in order to carry out the actions during an operation. There are many surgical instruments available for almost any categories in medicine.
These instruments can be classified into 3 basic types:
Types of Surgical Instruments
We will begin with some of the most commonly used surgical instruments for surgery in a research laboratory.
Herein we are exploring the categories of surgical instruments.
1.Cutting instruments include scissors, surgical blades, knives, etc.
2.Grasping instruments include hemostatic forceps and tissue forceps.
3. Retractors are used to hold an organ or tissue and to check what’s underneath.
In addition to the above discussed surgical instruments, we have many accessories available, which include all the extras needed for surgery.
Cutting and Dissecting scissors – These cutting instructions with two blades at a pivot point are joined together so that the sharp edges swing against each other. Surgeons need to cut and dissect tissue to check irregular growths and to remove unwanted tissue.
Here are some tips to be considered when selecting an appropriate pair of surgical scissors:
Fine tip scissors (like Vannas, Castroviejos, and McPherson’s) are best for use in certain spaces. They are designed for ophthalmological procedures, which require a delicate incision of tissues.
Curve tipped scissors are a good choice when you don’t want to cut underlying tissues. Scissors designed with a heavy construction are useful for cutting fur, thicker tissue, or vessels.
Hemostatic forceps are one of the clampings and occluding instruments and are used for surgical procedures for compressing blood vessels or hollow organs, protects their contents from leaking. Occlude means to close or shut. They are straight, curved, or angled in shape.
Common types of forceps include:
Mosquito forceps have fine, short tips and are designed for controlling bleeding and handling small blood vessels. These forceps are used to hold delicate tissue or compress a bleeding vessel.
Thumb forceps are used for grasping, holding, or manipulating body tissue. Dressing forceps are used for dressing wounds. Very fine/delicate dressing forceps are also used in eye surgery. Tissue forceps generally have teeth, which offer a better grip on tissues while minimizing tissue damage. These forceps are mainly used for handling dense tissue, such as handling skin closures.
These retractors are used to hold an incision or a wound open or retract organs and tissue so the surgeon has access to the operative area.
These retractors are used for holding tissue during surgery, allowing hands-free operations. Self-retaining retractors mean to hold the tissue by themselves. These allow the surgeon to operate with two hands-free.
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