Sewage Treatment is very essential for a cleaner and healthier surroundings. It is a process of removing polluting substances from municipal waste that contain household sewage and industrial wastewater.
This a known fact that industries play a big role in adding to the waste produced every day. The waste produced by factories and industries has a harmful impact on the environment. It causes various diseases and contaminates land and water. It is not easy to remove chemical and biological contaminants from waste by the simple household or industrial methods. Hence, sewage treatment is required. To understand its importance, check the points mentioned below.
Importance of Sewage Treatment
Along with houses, there are a number of business enterprises that have failed to impose regulations on wastewater treatment. However, it is very important to understand that sewage treatment not only ensures a cleaner environment but is also very important for the following factors:
Healthier Environment: Untreated wastewater does not decompose naturally. It pollutes streams, rivers, and oceans. So, it may destroy the ecosystem. Also, it affects water bodies and soil. Thus, it is necessary to treat wastewater. The treated water can be repurposed to serve areas experiencing dry conditions.
Improves Quality of Life: The areas having sewage treatment plants are experiencing improvement in the hygiene conditions. Earlier, It was required to clean the septic tanks of houses and apartments on a regular basis. Now, they are relieved from releasing cesspool waste because of the sewage plant. Sewage treatment provides a more appropriate way to live.
Address Water Shortage Issues: In comparison to houses, high volume water is used in the industry sector. So, along with individuals, factories or business enterprises should also take care of the water usage. Using less water is easier said than done; this is why the usage of treated water can come as an alternative. With the help of sewage treatment, water can be treated and used for various purposes like gardening, cleaning and more. In this way, we can resolve the issue of water shortage.
Prevents Disease: Drinking or consuming polluted water can lead to various diseases like dysentery, gastroenteritis, and cholera. Water treatment removes 97% of contaminants in the water. It cleans bacteria from the water so that it becomes suitable for people, plants, and animals.
Decrease Operation Cost: In various industrial operations, a huge amount of water is used. So, if the industries would use the treated water, it would automatically lower its operation cost.
Lower Transportation Cost: It is recommended for the industries to treat their wastewater by installing their own Sewage Treatment Plant. Transporting the wastewater can be a little expensive. So, on-site treatment plants can be more beneficial in reducing water transportation costs.
Energy Production: The sludge collected from the water treatment process possesses a large number of biodegradable materials. So, this sludge can also gets treated further. During this process, a large amount of methane is released that can be burned to generate electricity. This electricity can be used further.
The water resources are becoming polluted due to the casual approach of individuals and industries. As the world is noticing the shortage of water, the water treatment is getting more critical. So, it is important that everyone should take part in sewage treatment. It can resolve the issues related to water.
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